Get SGR's Pandemic Planning Recorded Webinar & Manual
As a part of its ongoing mission to provide local governments with critical and time-sensitive information to assist their communities, including all-hazards response plans, SGR is closely following the Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) outbreak that originated in the City of Wuhan, China in December 2019.
The pathogen responsible for this outbreak is a new (novel) coronavirus that is genetically similar to the viruses that caused the SARS outbreak in 2002/2003 in China and the MERS outbreak in the Middle East in 2014.
SGR is providing up-to-date information and resources on our website about the Coronavirus. Many of our larger local government partners likely already have this data and tracking in place through their public health offices, and they should be the first point of contact. For our smaller local government partners without the resources to provide this information, SGR is serving as an information broker to fill the need for our partners to provide this information to their communities.
SGR will be assisting its local government partners in emergency preparedness by:
- Providing COVID-19 situation reports and links to relevant information on its website.
- Offering, when completed, a revised version of SGR’s “2009 H1N1 Pandemic Influenza Planning Manual-with COOP (Continuity of Operations Plan) Component.” The new pandemic planning manual will have revised COOP components that will address emerging and novel pathogens (inclusive of COVID-19) which are capable of causing a pandemic.
- Sharing best practices, policies, and other tools that local government organizations are using during the COVID-19 pandemic.
- On December 31, 2019, the Chinese government announced an outbreak of a pneumonia of unknown cause affecting several patients in Wuhan;
- On January 3, 2020, Chinese officials reported 44 cases of this pneumonia illness;
- By January 11, 2020, this infectious disease had spread to dozens of more people – Chinese officials informed the World Health Organization (WHO) that the common source may be a seafood market in Wuhan and that a new coronavirus had been identified in several of these patients; Coronaviruses are a family of viruses that cause disease in several species of animals and are one of several virus types which cause the common cold in people.
- By January 20, 2020, this outbreak had spread to Thailand, Japan, and South Korea;
- On January 30, 2020, WHO officially declared the COVID-19 outbreak to be a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC)
- On January 31, 2020 the WHO and the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) report just under 10,000 confirmed cases in 26 countries, with 213 deaths. There have been six cases confirmed in the United States: two in Illinois, two in California, and one each in Arizona and Washington State. The first human-to-human transmission in the US involves the Chicago, IL cases. One woman who returned from a trip to Wuhan developed the illness and has now infected her husband.
News, Updates & Resources
In response to this ongoing public health emergency, Johns Hopkins University has developed an online dashboard (static snapshot shown below) to visualize and track the reported cases on a daily timescale.
May 11, 2020 @ 2:00 pm CDT
- From May 7, 2020 to May 11, 2020 the COVID-19 pandemic situational update includes:
Globally: 4,136,056 cases with 283,478 deaths
Worldwide, new case counts approximate 70,000 per day. This graph appears to show a plateauing of cases, though it is too early to make that call.
- United States: 1,332,411 cases with 79,606 deaths
This map from Johns Hopkins shows counties and regions which are having the highest incidence (new cases per 100,000 population) in the US. The dark purple locations have the highest incidence as of May 10.
The graph above shows daily new cases in the US (bars) and a running 5-day average (yellow line). This graph includes New York State, which is now experiencing a statewide decline in new cases.
- Texas: 38,869 cases with 1,088 deaths
1,525 COVID-19 patients in hospitals
Texans tested: 513,978 (1.7% of population)
The blue line below is cumulative cases, and the bars represent numbers of daily new cases.
There is no apparent decrease in the rate of new cases in Texas. Sunday, May 10 marked three straight days of over 1,000 new daily cases in Texas.
- The University of Washington’s Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) continues to run weekly models to predict new cases and deaths in the US.Their most recent model increases the projected US death count by August 4 to 137,000, due primarily to increased movement by Americans after states reopen parts of their economies.
- Two members of the White House team have tested positive for coronavirus.One is a personal valet for President Trump.The other is the spokesperson for Vice-President Pence. As a result of these tests, three top members of the White House coronavirus task force are now in quarantine, including Dr. Fauci.
- Physicians and scientists across the US are reporting that SARS-CoV-2 attacks more than just the lungs. Significant numbers of hospitalized patients are showing infections of the heart, kidneys, nerve cells that create taste and smell, blood vessels (causing blood clots), eyes (pinkeye), and the GI tract (causing vomiting and diarrhea).
- Scientists and physicians in South Korea and in Wuhan, China are reporting small, new outbreaks of COVID-19 as their economies begin to reopen after extended lockdowns. Each nation stresses the importance of continuing to practice social distancing, and the importance of rapid testing and contact tracing.
- The University of Washington’s IHME predicts that there are five states that will soon show the highest rates of new cases and of new deaths from coronavirus.The states are:
- A clinical trial in Hong Kong has studied the effectiveness of using either a two drug or a three drug cocktail of antivirals to treat those patients with either mild or moderate severities of COVID-19.The test has shown that those patients receiving a 3-drug regimen of antiviral drugs had shorter times to improvement, and shorter hospital stays.The drugs are: lopinavir; ritonavir; and interferon beta-1b.
Sources: Johns Hopkins Health; CDC; WHO; New York Times, Texas Department of State Health Services, CNN, Newsweek; Washington Post
May 8, 2020 @ 11:00 am CDT
From May 4, 2020 to May 8, 2020, the COVID-19 pandemic situational update includes:
- Globally: 3,866,642 cases with 270,118 deaths
United States: 1,219,066 cases with 76,537 deaths
Testing in US: 8,105,513 people tested (2.5% of US population)
Texas: 35,390 cases with 973 deaths; 1,734 hospitalized
Testing in Texas: 455,162 people tested (1.5% of Texas population)
There are COVID-19 cases in 217 of Texas’ 254 counties
Harris County: 7,244 cases
Dallas County: 4,869 cases
Tarrant County: 2,813 cases
Travis County: 2,813 cases
Bexar County: 1,761 cases
- Disease trends in the United States: After an apparent slow decline in new cases across the US in early May, new case reports are back on the increase
- Disease trends in Texas: Texas continues to have some success with social distancing. The cumulative case count continues to show a slow, but steady increase.
The number of COVID-19 deaths is low for a state with almost 30 million residents; however, there is no downward trend in deaths evident.
- Physicians across the world and in the US have noted a disturbing new trend in small numbers of young children.Approximately 85 children in seven US states (including the District of Columbia) have been hospitalized with a syndrome called Pediatric Multisystem Inflammatory Syndrome. The patients present with a high fever, severe diarrhea, rash, and red eyes. A positive link to coronavirus infections is suspected, but not yet proven.
- As of Sunday May 10, at least 45 states will have partially lifted their stay at home and other business restrictions. At the same time, a new Pew Research poll shows that 68% of Americans believe it is too soon to reopen the economy.
- The jobless rate in the US soared in April to 14.7%, with a total of 20.5 million jobs lost.This is the highest unemployment rate since the Great Depression.
- A study performed by Mt. Sinai Hospital in Manhattan is tracking thousands of New York City-area patients who have tested positive for COVID-19. These patients voluntarily enrolled in a study to determine when and how well their bodies are forming antibodies to SARS-CoV-2.Early results show that, of the first 624 persons tested, 621 (99.5%) developed antibodies to coronavirus.Researchers believe that this is a very positive sign that Americans who are infected with the virus that causes COVID-19 will develop antibodies within about 3 weeks of symptoms, and should have some immunity to this disease for an unknown period of time, allowing them to safely return to work.
- In a study that will be published in the New England Journal of Medicine, a team in the US has completed a clinical trial for the drug hydroxychloroquine among hospitalized patients.When used alone, or in combination with the antibiotic azithromycin, the group of patients who received hydroxychloroquine had zero improvement versus a control group of patients who did not receive hydroxychloroquine.
- Initial excitement about the news that Gilead Science’s antiviral drug Remdesivir had shown to be effective in reducing “days in the hospital” has faded, after doctors and hospitals in the US have learned that there is no official plan by Gilead, or by the US government (the White House or FEMA) to distribute this intravenous drug to US hospitals. Gilead says it has only enough drug to treat from 100,000 to 200,000 hospitalized patients worldwide.Some US physicians believe that they will have to “ration” this drug, rather than have enough to treat large numbers of critically ill patients.
Sources: CDC; Johns Hopkins Health; Texas Department of State Health Services; CNN; Reuters, NBC News
May 4, 2020 @ 11:00 am CDT
From April 30, 2020 to May 4, 2020, the COVID-19 pandemic situational update includes:
- Globally: 3,526178 cases with 247,971 deaths
United States: 1,158,341 cases with 66,000 deaths
There have been 7,053,366 COVID-19 tests in the US (2.1 % of population)
Texas: 31,548 tests with 867 deaths
Tests in Texas – 390,560 (mostly done by private labs)
Harris County – 6,708 cases
Dallas County – 3,899 cases
Tarrant County – 2,503 cases
Travis County – 1,714 cases
Bexar County – 1,585 cases
- Top 5 countries with respect to number of COVID-19 cases:
- United States – 1,158,341
- Spain – 217,466
- Italy – 210,717
- United Kingdom – 187,842
- France – 168,925
- Testing in the US:
- New York – 985,911
- California – 715,751
- Florida – 428,189
- Texas – 390,560
- Illinois – 319,313
- New case trends in the US through May 3. It remains unclear whether the US has established a steady downward trend in new cases.
- Cumulative cases in Texas through May 1. Texas has been effective in flattening the curve thus far.
- On May 3, President Trump told media representatives he expects COVID-19 deaths to top 100,000.
- France, Italy, and Spain have recorded their lowest daily death totals in the past two months. All three countries are instituting phased re-openings of their economies.
- Michael Osterholm, the Director of the Center for Infectious Disease Research and Policy (CIDRAP) at the University of Minnesota has co-authored a report about the future of this pandemic in the US. The report warns US citizens to expect the coronavirus epidemic in the US to last another 18 to 24 months (until 60 to 70% of Americans have been infected), and their modeling predicts one of three scenarios:
- Scenario 1 – The first wave of the disease (occurring now) will begin to wane, followed by a series of smaller waves over the next 18 to 24 months;
- Scenario 2 – The first wave will wane in the summer, and be followed by a much larger wave in the Fall/Winter of 2020/2021, which will be followed by a final, smaller wave in the Fall of 2021;
- Scenario 3 – The “slow burn” model. This scenario will result in a slow, steady rate of new cases and deaths over the 18 to 24-month period.
Sources: CDC, Johns Hopkins Health, CNN, BBC, Washington Post, Texas Department of State Health Services, NBC News
April 30, 2020 @ 11:00 am CDT
From April 27, 2020 to April 30, 2020 the COVID-19 pandemic situational update includes:
1. Globally: 3,212,262 cases with 228,299 deaths
United States: 1,040,488 cases with 61,700 deaths
Texas: 27,054 cases with 732 deaths/12,507 have recovered
Texas has 1,702 patients still hospitalized
Harris County: 5,986 cases
Dallas County: 3,240 cases
Tarrant County: 2,088 cases
Travis County: 1,539 cases
2. US states with the highest number of cases:
- New York – 299,651
- New Jersey – 116,635
- Massachusetts – 60,265
- Illinois – 50,358
- California – 48,829
3. The US states that have performed the greatest number of tests are:
- New York – 872,481
- California – 603,139
- Florida – 373,488
- Texas – 314,790
- Massachusetts – 265,618
Total tests in the US – 6,026,170 (only 1.8% of US population)
4. The countries with the highest number of cases include:
- United States – 1,040,488
- Spain – 236,899
- Italy – 203,591
- France – 166,628
- United Kingdom – 166,441
5. The White House announced preliminary results of a clinical trial of Gilead’s antiviral drug known as Remdesivir. Initial results from a US clinical trial show some promise. The length of illness (number of days until discharge from hospital) in patients receiving the drug averaged 11 days, while patients receiving a placebo averaged 15 days to discharge (a 31% reduction in days of illness). No data are available yet on whether Remdesivir is reducing mortality.
6. Job losses across the US continue to be severe, with another 3.89 million Americans filing for unemployment last week. In the last 6 weeks, 30 million Americans have lost their jobs.
7. California state government officials announced on Wednesday that Governor Newsom will officially close all California beaches and state parks on May 1, to reduce crowding at these popular locations.
8. CDC data show that the number of new COVID-19 cases across the US has reached a plateau; however, it is unknown whether the US is on a clear downward trend in new cases.
9. The City of Los Angeles has begun offering free coronavirus testing to any of its residents. Drive-through testing sites have been created at 34 locations across the city, with results available in 24 to 48 hours. The Mayor believes the city can perform 18,000 tests per day.
10. Federal data released by CDC today regarding total deaths (from all causes) are significantly higher in the US this year, compared to averages from the previous six years. Some CDC experts believe that the higher death numbers may include deaths outside of hospitals caused by COVID-19, but never diagnosed.
Sources: CDC, Johns Hopkins Health, Texas Department of State Health Services, CNN, USA Today, Reuters, CNBC, The Guardian, Fox News
April 27, 2020 @ 11:00 am CDT
From April 20, 2020 to April 27, 2020, the COVID-19 pandemic situational update includes:
- Globally: 2,994,690 cases with 207,270 deaths
United States: 965,933 cases with 55,598 deaths
Persons tested in US: 5,441,079
Texas: 24,631 cases with 648 deaths
Harris County: 5,628 cases
Dallas County: 2,909 cases
Tarrant County: 1,836 cases
- New York State: 288,076 cases with 16,966 deaths
New York City: 158,000 cases with 11,698 deaths
- Other hotspots in the US-The following states have one or more counties where the case doubling time is 7 days or less: Texas, Louisiana, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia, Maryland, New York, New Jersey, Maine, Michigan, Iowa, Minnesota, Nebraska, Colorado, California, and Mississippi
- States allowing partial reopening: Alaska, Colorado, Georgia, Iowa, Minnesota, Montana, Oklahoma, and Tennessee
- COVID-19 trends in numerous countries:
The green curve is the United States. Though the sharp upward slope in new cases has plateaued, it is difficult to see a steady downward trend.
- The White House is within days of issuing revised, highly detailed guidance on reopening guidelines for multiple economic sectors. These guidelines can be used by states that agree to the phased (Phases 1, 2, and 3) reopening of their economies based on the incidence of new cases of COVID-19.
- The active ingredient in the heartburn medication Pepcid (famotidine) is one of the latest drugs to be used in a clinical trial in COVID-19 patients. The trial involves several hospitals in New York City, and hopes to enroll 1,200 patients. Some data from Chinese health officials showed an improvement in some patients who were given famotidine with other drugs during their illness.
- The CEO of Tyson foods has told his board and told media sources that the United States should prepare for major shortages of beef, pork, and chicken products in the next few weeks, due to the closing of multiple meat processing plants across the US.
- The US Navy has teamed with the CDC to perform a comprehensive study of sailors assigned to the USS Theodore Roosevelt aircraft carrier.This ship has experienced a major outbreak of COVID-19 and has been docked in Guam for more than one month. Thus far, of the 4,845 sailors assigned to the ship, 856 (17%) have tested positive for coronavirus, four remain hospitalized, and one has died. A random sample of this ship’s sailors will receive extensive testing and will be followed for several weeks. The purpose of the study is to learn more about how SARS-CoV-2 behaves aboard a naval ship.
- The number of the United States citizens (almost 1 million cases) who have recovered from COVID-19 now stands at 109,212. The states that have recorded at least 25,000 confirmed coronavirus cases include:
- New Jersey
- New York
Sources: WHO, CDC, Johns Hopkins Health, CNN, 24/7 Wall Street, San Diego Tribune, Washington Post
April 20, 2020 @ 2:00 pm CDT
From April 17, 2020 to April 20, 2020 the COVID-19 pandemic situational update includes:
- Globally: 2,435,092 cases with 167,369 deaths
United States: 761,991 cases with 42,000 deaths
In the US, 3,893,815 people have been tested (1.2% of population)
Texas: 19,458 cases with 495 deaths
In Texas, there are 1,411 patients still in the hospital
198 of Texas’ 254 counties are reporting cases
Harris County – 4,823
Dallas County – 2,428
Tarrant County – 1,242
- New York State – 248,417 cases with 14,346 deaths
New York City – 138,700 cases with 8,811 deaths
- COVID-19 confirmed cases continue to rise dramatically in the US as a whole. The green curve represents cases in the US. No other country in this comparison is seeing the high rate of new cases like the United States.
- The CDC uses several disease-prediction models from universities and entities across the United States.The chart below shows the number of deaths projected to occur between mid-April and May 15, using a variety of accepted epidemiologic models.Each of the models uses a different set of assumptions about the effectiveness of social distancing measures in the US during the modeling period. This chart shows that, based on the relative success (or lack of success) in social distancing between now and May 15, COVID-19 deaths by that date could be as few as 50,000 to 60,000, but as high as 120,000 to 350,000.
- Numerous initial studies regarding the issue of asymptomatic people who are infected with SARS-CoV-2 are now being reported.Studies related to cruise ships, the USS Theodore Roosevelt, pregnant women in a New York hospital, and a California antibody study show from a low of 15% to a high of 70% of persons infected with coronavirus show no symptoms but are presumably contagious.
- The United States has lost 25 million jobs in the last 5 weeks, creating an unemployment rate of 15 – 20 percent. The only time in US history with a higher unemployment rate was 1933, at the height of the Great Depression.
- The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) on April 19 provided information for the public regarding the risk of consumers getting infected from handling human food or animal food packaging (such as packages from the supermarket or from restaurants). The FDA’s official stance on 4/19 is “We want to reassure consumers that there is currently no evidence of human or animal food or food packaging being associated with transmission of the coronavirus that causes COVID-19.”
- The pharmaceutical firm Novartis (based in Switzerland) has signed an agreement with the US government to conduct a clinical trial of the anti-malarial drug hydroxychloroquine.The trial in the US will involve over 12 hospitals and will enroll 400 patients.The patients will be split into three testing groups:The first group will receive hydroxychloroquine alone, the second group will receive hydroxychloroquine plus azithromycin, and the third group will receive a placebo.Results could be available in a few weeks.
Sources: CDC; WHO; Johns Hopkins University; Associated Press; Fox News, New York Intelligencer; Market Watch; Newsweek; NBC News
April 17, 2020 @ 11:00 am CDT
From April 15, 2020 to April 17, 2020, the COVID-19 pandemic situational update includes:
- Globally, 2,169,022 cases with 146,071 deaths
United States: 671,425 cases with 34,784 deaths
In the US, 3,420,394 people have been tested (just over 1 percent of the US population)
Texas, 16,876 cases with 414 deaths
In Texas, 158,547 people have been tested (which is ½ of 1 percent of Texas’ population)
Harris County – 4,306 cases
Dallas County – 2,066 cases
Tarrant County – 1,093 cases
- New York State: 222,284 cases with 14,636 deaths
New York City: 117,565 cases with 11,477 deaths
In New York City, 31,000 people have been hospitalized
- On April 16, the White House released its plan to allow states to begin a phased approach to reopening their economies. There are three unique phases, each with its own “gateways” or metrics to meet, prior to implementation. As many as 29 US states may already meet the metrics to begin Phase I.
- The WHO stated on 4/16 that worldwide, 20% of COVID-19 cases (those patients with symptoms of illness) needed oxygen therapy. The WHO encourages countries to develop and maintain lists of companies that supply medical grade oxygen.
- Chinese officials have revised their estimate of the number of Wuhan citizens who died during the first four months of the pandemic. Their numbers have been revised upward by 50%, to 3,869 deaths.
- A record 22 million Americans have filed for unemployment benefits in the last month. This number comes close to erasing the total number of new jobs created in the US since 2009.
- Aboard the French aircraft carrier Charles deGaulle, nearly 700 of the 1,767 sailors have tested positive for coronavirus. 20 crew members are hospitalized, with one in ICU.
- Chinese scientists report that their recent studies show that citizens who are infected with SARS-CoV-2 (the virus that causes COVID-19) begin shedding the virus a full 2 ½ days before they show their first symptoms. This “pre-symptomatic spreading” is critically important for disease control officials, because preventive measures like fever checking at large venues and places of business and work may miss large numbers of people who will then spread COVID-19 to others.
- The company that produces the antiviral drug Remdesivir (Gilead Sciences) has initial data from clinical trials in the US that their Phase 3 efforts show “rapid recoveries in fever and respiratory symptoms” in most patients treated, with many being discharged from the hospital within one week of treatment.
- Currently, four companies in the US have FDA approval for their new antibody tests, and there are two dozen clinical trials in progress in the US for various COVID-19 treatments.
- Doctors in Sweden, Brazil, and France are warning that their initial clinical trials of the anti-malaria drug hydroxychloroquine show dangerous changes to heart rhythm and heart health among their patients.
- Current research on candidate COVID-19 vaccines include:
- Moderna – now enrolling patients through Kaiser Permanente and Emory University for Moderna’s new vaccine;
- Johnson & Johnson – starts human testing in September in association with the Biomedical Advanced Research and Development Authority (BARDA)
- Inovio Pharmaceutical – starts human trials for its vaccine this week
- Novovax – plans to start its human testing in May
- Pfizer – working on its candidate vaccine in conjunction with BioNTech
- CanSino Biologics, Inc and Beijing Institute of Biotechnology have a vaccine in clinical trials in China
- Houston Methodist Hospital has received FDA approval to begin treating COVID-19 patients with plasma from Houston-area citizens who have recovered from coronavirus illness. The treatment will rely on the antibodies in the convalescent plasma to attack SARS-CoV-2 viruses in critically-ill patients.
Sources: CDC, WHO, Johns Hopkins Health, CNN, Reuters, LA Times, CNBC, AFP, FOX News
April 13, 2020 @ Noon CDT
From April 9, 2020 to April 13, 2020, the COVID-19 pandemic situational update includes:
- Globally: 864,629 cases/115,286 deaths
United States: 557,663 cases with over 22,000 deaths
2.8 million people tested in US
Texas: 13,484 cases/271 deaths/3,014 recovered
124,533 people tested in Texas
1,176 COVID-19 patients hospitalized in Texas
Harris County – 3,561 cases
Dallas County – 1,644 cases
Tarrant County – 787 cases
Bexar County – 723 cases
- The United States now has more cases and deaths than any country in the world.
- New York State – 195,031 cases with 9,385 deaths. 758 deaths on Saturday, April 11
New York City. In New York City, number of patients needing vents was down to 70 per day, versus last week averaging 200 to 300 new uses of ventilators per day.
The states in the US that now have more than 20,000 cases are: Illinois, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania.
- British Prime Minister Boris Johnson was released from the hospital on April 11.
- Abbott Labs’ new 5-minute point-of-service rapid diagnostic test is now being received by healthcare entities in multiple states. This small device, called the ID Now unit, is about the size of a toaster, costs about $4,500, and uses a nasal swab as the test medium. The instrument can only perform one test at a time. A positive result takes 5 minutes, while a negative result takes 13 minutes. As of April 13, only 500,000 tests had been shipped.
- Walgreens pharmacy has announced it has partnered with Abbott Laboratories to use Abbott’s new ID Now testing system. Walgreens will soon set up drive-through COVID-19 testing at 16 locations across 7 states: Arizona, Florida, Illinois, Kentucky, Louisiana, Tennessee, and Texas.
- The aircraft carrier Theodore Roosevelt remains docked in Guam. 584 of its 5,000 sailors have thus far tested positive for coronavirus and are being isolated and followed at facilities in Guam. The first sailor from the Roosevelt has died of COVID-19.
- Deaths in US nursing homes continue to mount but are difficult to track. Most states are not tracking and reporting COVID-19 deaths specifically from nursing homes. An estimated 3,600 nursing home residents have been killed by coronavirus. Some nursing homes have experienced from 20 to as many as 40 deaths.
- Numerous meat (beef, pork, and chicken) processing plants in the US and Canada have shut down temporarily due to large numbers of their employees becoming ill with COVID-19. Plants in Pennsylvania, Iowa, Colorado, and Georgia have announced shutdowns lasting up to, or greater than two weeks. Grocers anticipate major shortages of meat products, with rapidly increasing prices.
- President Trump recently asked the President of South Korea for a shipment of COVID-19 test kits.On April 13, a US plane will leave for the US with 600,000 test kits and should arrive in the US on April 14.
- Dr. David Nabarro of the World Health Organization (WHO) said on April 13 that “COVID-19 is going to be a virus that stalks the human race for a long time to come.”
- CDC’s data on total COVID-19 cases through April 11 are shown below:
- The country of Iceland has tested a greater percentage (10%) of its population than any other country. In addition, the testing was randomized, so that inferences could be made about attack rates, and percentages of infections that were without symptoms, but presumably contagious. Initial data indicate that from 0.3% to 0.8% of Iceland’s population is infected with SARS-COV-2, and that half (50%) of those who tested positive had no symptoms but were presumably contagious.
Sources: CDC, WHO, Johns Hopkins Health, Reuters, CNN, USA Today, NBC News, Washington Examiner, Associated Press, The Guardian
April 9, 2020 @ 10:00 am CDT
From April 6, 2020 to April 9, 2020 the COVID-19 pandemic situational update includes:
- Globally, 1,498,833 cases/89,733 deaths/337,774 recovered
United States, 432,438 cases with 14,700 deaths
Texas, 9,353 cases/177 deaths/96,288 tests administered
- Italy: 139,422 cases with 17,669 deaths
- Spain: 152,446 cases with 15,238 deaths
- On April 8, 2020 Chinese officials officially “reopened” Wuhan City (the origin of the COVID-19 pandemic)
- New York City: 76,876 cases with 4,571 deaths
- New Orleans: 8,095 cases with 292 deaths
- On April 8, the CDC issued new guidelines for employers that are essential businesses and manufacturers that give clarity on how and when essential employees may return to work. Employees who have been exposed to a person with COVID-19 who desire to return to work must:
- Be asymptomatic
- Take their temperature before going to work
- Wear a face mask at all times while at work
- Use social distancing while at work
Employers will be required to immediately send workers home who develop symptoms of illness
- On April 8, the US reported its highest single day of deaths: 1,922
- The University of Washington in Seattle’s Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) has completed new models for expected deaths by August from COVID-19 in the US. Their previous model showed total deaths by August of 82,000. The model results released on April 8 show a lowered estimate of US deaths by August at 60,000.
- The Cook County Jail in Chicago has the highest number of coronavirus infections of any detention facility or prison in the US with 251 detainees and 150 staff members are infected, 22 are hospitalized, and 31 are being treated in a recovery facility.
- Almost 100 residents of a nursing home in Riverside, CA had to be evacuated to several area nursing homes on April 8. For the second day in a row, almost no employees of the nursing home reported to work.It took local officials several hours, using 40 ambulances, to make the transfer.
- Scientists in New York state that are studying the virus that causes COVID-19 (virus knows as SARS-CoV-2) have determined that the coronavirus causing the epidemic in New York state actually originated in Europe, not in China.
- US Attorney General William Barr said on April 8 that the US and its states should begin relaxing some of the social distancing mandates in May. He called the measures “draconian” social distancing requirements and said that government officials should ensure that they have actual scientific evidence to justify continuing the measures after May.
- 6.6 million Americans filed for unemployment for the week ending April 3, setting an all-time record for the US.
- Officials in the states of Washington and Oregon report that their social distancing efforts have significantly flattened the curve of predicted cases and deaths over the last two weeks. Oregon reported only 49 new cases on April 7, while Washington state reported 298 new cases the same day (down from a peak of 1,000 new cases just weeks ago). Washington officials are dismantling a field hospital, and both Washington and Oregon have sent unused ventilators to New York City.
- The US government reported that it has begun seizing shipments of PPE before it leaves US ports. Items such as masks, gowns, and gloves slated for shipment to foreign countries are being held and examined by FEMA, to see if the products should be sent to US destinations.
- About 150 members of Saudi Arabia’s Royal Family have tested positive for COVID-19. The country has announced a cease fire in its 5-year old war with Houthi rebels in Yemen.
- Texas Governor Greg Abbott has authorized the National Guard (36th Infantry Division) to begin assisting a company in North Richland Hills to manufacture surgical masks. The company, Prestige Ameritech, is the largest maker of surgical masks in the US.With help from the National Guard, the company has increased its production of these vital products to 2 million masks each week.
Sources: Johns Hopkins Health, CDC, WHO, Reuters, Newsweek, USA Today, CNN, New York Daily News, The Hill, New York Intelligencer, WFAA TV Dallas
April 6, 2020 @ 1:00 PM CDT
From April 3, 2020 to April 6, 2020 the COVID-19 pandemic situational update includes:
- Globally, 1,289,380 cases/70,590 deaths/270,372 recovered
United States: 337,931 cases with 10,000 deaths
Texas: 6,812 cases with 127 deaths
Harris County: 1,284 cases
Dallas County: 1,015 cases
Travis County: 460 cases
- Italy:128,948 cases with 15,887 deaths
- Spain: 135,032 cases with 13,055 deaths
- Germany: 100,186 cases with 1,590 deaths
- New York City: 70,181 cases with 3,048 deaths
- New Orleans: 7,000 cases with 274 deaths
- The New York City city council is considering authorizing the temporary burial of persons killed by COVID-19 in one of the city’s parks.
- Inovio Pharmaceuticals (Pennsylvania) has begun a clinical trial of its candidate coronavirus vaccine called INO-4800. The project is funded by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. The trial will enroll 40 volunteers, in hospitals in Philadelphia and Kansas City. First volunteer to receive a dose of vaccine on April 6. Early safety data should be available by late summer. This is the second clinical trial for a vaccine begun in the US. In mid-March, Moderna (based in MA) began its clinical trial of a coronavirus vaccine.
- Walmart announced that two of its employees in the Chicago area have died from COVID-19. Walmart officials announced they have enhanced their disinfection and cleaning protocols in all stores, and will begin limiting the number of shoppers to a ratio of 1 shopper per 1,000 square feet of floor space (this is only 20% of their normal shopper density).
- US deaths as of April 6 are just under 10,000. Many hospitals across the nation report a lack of protective gear and ventilators.They also report shortages of: Thermometers, disinfectants, medical gases (including oxygen), linens, toilet paper, and food.
- The Princess Cruise Lines ship Coral Princess has now docked at the Port of Miami. The ship has reported three deaths from COVID-19, and that five crew members and seven passengers have tested positive. Passengers who are symptom-free are being allowed to disembark and board chartered flights to their home countries. Sick crew members and passengers have been transferred to Miami-area hospitals for treatment.
- Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe has declared an emergency for the next 30 days. This will allow local leaders to adopt mitigation measures. New cases of COVID-19 began to spike in and around Tokyo in the last few days.
- CDC’s cumulative case total through April 3
As can be seen from this cumulative bar graph, the US began seeing an exponential growth in confirmed cases of COVID-19 in mid-March.
Sources: CDC; WHO; Johns Hopkins Health, Texas Department of State Health Services; New York Times; Business Insider; USA Today; Bloomberg
April 2, 2020 @ 1:00 pm CDT
From March 28, 2020 to April 2, 2020, the COVID-19 pandemic situational update includes:
- Globally: 962,977 cases/49,180 deaths/ 202,935 recovered
United States: 216,768 cases with 5,100 deaths
Texas: 3,977 cases with 58 deaths/ 47,877 tests administered
Harris County: 680 cases
Dallas County: 631 cases
Tarrant County: 273 cases
- Italy: 110,574 cases with 13,155 deaths
- Spain: 110,238 cases with 10,003 deaths
- New York City: 47,000 cases with 1,300 deaths
- New Orleans: 3,148 cases with 198 deaths
- A record 6.6 million Americans filed for unemployment for the week ending March 27
- Two cruise ships owned by Holland America (the Zaandam and the Rotterdam) have been at sea for 27 days. The Zaandam has had four persons die of COVID-19 like symptoms, and 47 other passengers are seriously ill.Both ships are near Florida and asking for permission to dock. The state of Florida granted permission for both ships to dock, with numerous restrictions. Foreign nationals will be transported to chartered aircraft, to be flown back to their own countries. Florida citizens on the two ships will be allowed to be quarantined in Florida. The ships will be docking at the Port of the Everglades in Ft. Lauderdale.
- April 1 saw the largest number of COVID-19 deaths to date in the US, with just over 1,000 deaths.
- The death rate in New Orleans from COVID-19 appears to be 7 times higher than the death rate in New York City. Some medical experts in New Orleans speculate that the amount of chronic disease conditions among New Orleans citizens may account for these differences.An analysis of citizens who have died from coronavirus pneumonia in New Orleans to date shows that: 97% had at least one pre-existing medical condition; 40% had diabetes; 25% were obese; 23% had chronic kidney disease; and 21% had cardiac issues
- The New England Patriots organization sent its team plane to China, after Patriots owner Robert Kraft purchased 1.2 million N-95 respirators from China. The plane has now left the airport in Shenzhen, China and should arrive at Boston’s Logan airport on April 3. The respirators will be provided to the Massachusetts government, for distribution to hospitals.
- The US Navy aircraft carrier Theodore Roosevelt remains docked in Guam. More than 2,700 of the ship’s 5,000 crew members are being removed from the ship and allowed to quarantine on land. A total of 93 sailors has thus far tested positive for coronavirus. At least 1,000 sailors will remain on board to ensure the safety and security of the aircraft carrier.
- China has placed the province of Jia on lockdown, due to the appearance of new cases of COVID-19 among its 640,000 citizens. The Chinese are concerned that this may signal the beginning of a second wave of the pandemic in China.
- COVID-19 testing across the US continues to be a major obstacle for medical and public health professionals.Quest Diagnostics indicated to the media that Quest has received over 320,000 specimens for coronavirus testing, but now has a 160,000 test backlog. Results may take another 5 to 10 days to complete.
- CDC officials reported on April 2 that the CDC lab in Atlanta, GA had processed 4,817 COVID-19 tests, while public health labs across the US had collectively processed 163,641 tests. These totals do not include any COVID-19 tests performed by private, commercial laboratories (such as Quest Diagnostics or LabCorp).
Sources: CDC; WHO; Johns Hopkins Health; WDSU News New Orleans; New York Times; Washington Post; Reuters; Wall Street Journal; USA Today; Fox News; Bloomberg; ABC News
March 30, 2020 @ 11:00 am CDT
From March 27, 2020 to March 30, 2020, the COVID-19 pandemic situational update includes:
- Globally, 737,929 cases; 35,019 deaths; 156,507 recovered
United States, 143,055 cases with 2,600 deaths
- Italy, 97,689 cases with 10,779 deaths
- Spain, 85,195 cases with 7,340 deaths
- Texas:2,552 cases with 35 deaths
118 of Texas’ 254 counties reporting cases; Harris County has 445 cases; Dallas County has 439 cases
- FDA has issued emergency use authorizations for two anti-malarial drugs to be tested on COVID-19 patients for clinical trials. Drugs are hydroxychloroquine and chloroquine
- President Trump has extended his social distancing recommendations through April 30
- Some public health officials in US are predicting that the month of April will be a very rough month for America, with tens of thousands of new coronavirus cases and thousands of deaths. Significant increases are expected in New Orleans, Chicago, and Detroit.
- Doctors Anthony Fauci and Deborah Birx are predicting (if major social distancing/shelter in place efforts are taken) from 100,000 to 200,000 deaths across the US in the next few months. If large numbers of Americans fail to do these social distancing methods, Fauci and Birx predict death toll could be closer to 2.2 million.
- Field hospitals are being constructed in major cities across the US, including the Javits Center in New York City, Kay Bailey Hutchison Convention Center in Dallas, tents in Central Park, CenturyLink Field in Seattle, the Fairgrounds in Seattle and Miami-Dade County, Florida and numerous college dormitories across the country.
- Texas Governor Abbott has issued a new Executive Order restricting additional travelers as they enter Texas from heavily affected areas. DPS is setting up checkpoints on major highways from Louisiana, requiring Louisiana citizens entering Texas to self-quarantine for 14 days at identified addresses where they can be tracked.
- A record 3.2 million Americans applied for unemployment during the week of March 21.
- A choir group in Skagit Valley, WA decided to hold its regular practice in person on March 10. Within 10 days, 45 of its 60 members had COVID-19 (confirmed plus suspected). Three remain hospitalized, and two have died.
- General Motors has teamed with a ventilator manufacturer in Seattle called Ventec Life Systems. The two companies will combine resources to rapidly increase the number of ventilators available for shipment to hospitals. The new units are called VOCSN’s, which stands for ventilation, oxygen, cough, suction, and nebulizer. Production will begin in mid-April.
- Abbott Laboratories has invented and received FDA approval for a new rapid diagnostic test (RDT) for COVID-19.The new test requires less than 13 minutes for each patient and can be done at the Point-of-Service. The test device is about the size of a toaster.Abbott is ramping up production and hopes to manufacture as many as 50,000 tests per day.
- The Holland America cruise ship Zaandam is in great difficulty. It has been given permission to traverse the Panama Canal going east and hopes to be allowed to travel 3 days to Florida, to dock and get help. This shop has over 1500 crew and passengers. At least 189 crew and passengers have COVID-19 like symptoms, and 4 people have died.
- The US State Department has successfully retrieved over 18,000 US citizens who had traveled abroad and been trapped when various countries shut down air travel.
- Chinese scientists have studied a small number of Chinese coronavirus patients who were ill between January 28 and February 9.The patients have all recovered and were monitored for their levels of coronavirus while sick, and after getting well. About half of the patients studied, even after having two consecutive negative COVID-19 tests, still had coronavirus in their systems for from one to 8 days after all symptoms had resolved and were presumed to be contagious.
- Chinese health officials report that in Hubei Province (where the COVID-19 pandemic originated), there have been no new COVID-19 cases identified for the last six days.
Friday, March 27, 2020 @ Noon CDT
From March 25, 2020 to March 27, 2020 the COVID-19 pandemic situational update includes:
- Globally: 551,337 cases with 24,906 deaths
United States: 86,012 cases with 1,296 deaths
Texas: 1,396 cases with 18 deaths
- As of March 26, the US has had more COVID-19 cases than China.
- Italy: 80,584 cases with 8,215 deaths
- Spain: 64,259 cases with 4,858 deaths
- New York City: This city continues to be the epicenter in the US; 23,000 cases with 365 deaths. New hospital admissions jumped by 40% yesterday. City is releasing all non-violent inmates held in city jails.
- Total COVID-19 tests performed in Texas: 21,424; 18,744 by private labs and 2,680 performed by public (government) labs.
- As of 3/27, 19 states in the US have reported less than 200 cases.
- On 3/27, United Kingdom officials reported that UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson has tested positive.
- Texas Governor Abbott ordered that all persons arriving in Texas from the 5-state region including New York state, plus New Orleans, must register with Texas officials, and self-quarantine for 14 days.
- Graduate students at West Texas A&M have developed a copper film (an adhesive patch) which can be placed over door handles. It kills most pathogens and will soon be tested against coronavirus. The patches can be purchased at coppercleanus.com.
- A US aircraft carrier (the USS Theodore Roosevelt) now has 25 sailors who have tested positive for coronavirus. They have been airlifted for treatment on land. The entire crew will now be tested. This warship will soon dock in Guam.
- New York Presbyterian Hospital in New York City has begun connecting two patients to single ventilators, due to their shortage of ventilators. Italy has used this technique for weeks, but this may be the first time a US hospital has been forced to try this method for an infectious disease.
- Singapore has tightened its social distancing laws. Any person caught sitting or standing closer than 1 meter (3 feet 3 inches) to another person can be arrested, fined up to about $7,000 US dollars, and potentially jailed for up to 6 months.
- Even if US hospitals obtain enough ventilators, they may not have sufficient trained healthcare professionals to use them. In normal times, respiratory therapists monitor patients and machines. To address this shortage of trained professionals, many hospitals are holding emergency training for nurses and other hospital employees to monitor patients on ventilators.
- The Department of Veterans Affairs is expressing concern that, as more and more veterans become infected, its hospitals nationwide may not have enough beds or ventilators. The average veteran is over age 60, placing them at high risk for severe or critical outcomes.
- Los Angeles County saw a 50% increase in coronavirus cases on March 26. The mayors of LA and San Francisco have expressed concern that their large cities may “look like” New York City in about one week.
- Twenty-one states now have “stay-at-home” or “shelter-in- place” orders, as do 84 counties and 17 cities.
Sources: CDC; Johns Hopkins Health; New York Times; Wall Street Journal; Bloomberg; Microsoft News; KRLD Radio; CNN; Reuters; USA Today; CBS News; Newsweek
Wednesday, March 25, 2020 @ 2:00 PM CDT
From March 23, 2020 to March 25, 2020, the COVID-19 pandemic situational update includes:
- Globally: 438,749 cases with 19,675 deaths
United States: 55,243 cases with 838 deaths
Texas: 715 cases with 11 deaths
- Italy: 69,176 cases with 6,820 deaths.Health care system remains overwhelmed.
- Spain: 47,610 cases with 3,434 deaths.Health care system strained.
- New York City: 17,800 cases; 3,800 hospitalized (12%) and 888 in ICU (3%).This city now has 60% of new COVID-19 cases in the US.Case counts are doubling every 3 days.Health system strained.
- As of March 25, only one country in the Americas remained with zero confirmed COVID-19 cases, which is Saint Kitts and Nevis (in the Leeward Islands of the Caribbean Sea).
- New Orleans: The state of Louisiana and the greater New Orleans metro area are seeing rapid increases in new COVID-19 cases. The New Orleans area has seen over 1,000 cases with approx. 30 deaths.
- In Texas, the state health department reports that over 13,000 tests have been administered. 65 of Texas’ 254 counties report one or more cases.
- One third of the world’s population is now under some level of movement restrictions.
- US lawmakers agreed on March 25 to a $ 2 trillion stimulus package.
- Prince Charles of the United Kingdom has been diagnosed with COVID-19.
- The US senate has agreed to adjourn and tentatively plans to return to work around April 20
- New York Governor Cuomo states that NY has 4,000 ventilators, awaiting FEMA shipment of 4,000 ventilators, has purchased another 7,000 units, but needs a minimum of 30,000 ventilators.
- Seventeen (17) states in the US have adopted some level of shelter-in-place laws
- In Texas, the following counties and cities have adopted “Stay-at-Home or Shelter-in-Place” orders and ordinances:
Counties: Bell; Bexar; Collin; Dallas; Denton; Harris; Hays; Hunt; McClennan; Tarrant; Travis; Williamson
Cities: Austin; Dallas; El Paso; Rowlett; San Antonio; Waco
- The World Health Organization (WHO) announced on March 23 a multi-country, multi-drug set of clinical trials to assess whether four currently licensed (licensed for other diseases), or experimental (remdesivir) are effective in reducing mortality and morbidity from SARS-CoV-2 infections.The drug/drug combinations are:
- HIV antiviral combination Lopiravir plus Ritonavir
- Hydroxychloroquine or chloraquine (anti-malaria drugs)
- Hydroxychloroquine in combination with beta interferon
- Remdesivir (an antiviral)
Sources: CDC; WHO; CNN; Texas Tribune; Newsweek; CBSDFW
Monday, March 23, 2020 @ 2:00 PM CDT
From March 20, 2020 to March 23, 2020 the COVID-19 pandemic situational update includes:
- Globally, 354,677 cases with 15,430 deaths
United States, 35,530 cases with 471 deaths
Texas, 352 cases with 8 deaths
- Outside of Asia, Italy has the highest COVID-19 activity, with 58,138 cases and 5,476 deaths [ a 9 % Case Fatality Rate (CFR)]
- US Surgeon General Dr. Jerome Adams predicts that during the week of March 23 “it’s going to get bad.”(Referring to rapid increases in the number of new COVID-19 cases and reported deaths).
- New York City has become the epicenter of the pandemic in the US, with 10,764 cases and 99 deaths.On March 23, there were 1,800 patients in New York City hospitals, and 450 of those were in ICU’s.
- President Trump has authorized deployment of National Guard troops to Washington state, California, and New York state.
- State’s whose governors have passed “Stay at Home” orders include:California, Illinois, New York, New Jersey, Ohio, Louisiana, Connecticut, and Delaware.
- Despite California’s shelter in place order, thousands of citizens are flaunting the order by crowding onto beaches, and into state parks and hiking trails.
- Far west Texas has its first confirmed case, in Gaines County.Officials indicate this person had traveled to an affected area prior to coming down with symptoms.
- Dallas County Judge Clay Jenkins issued a shelter-in-place order on March 22.
- Ford, General Motors, and Tesla have announced that they will assist the federal government with manufacture of ventilators.
- Medical experts in several US states are considering treating COVID-19 patients with “convalescent serum” from patients who have recently recovered from the disease. his treatment method has already been used in China and other regions experiencing major outbreaks.
- Federal, state, and local governments are contemplating the early release of non-violent inmates from prisons and jails (those inmates in high risk groups) to lessen the impact of COVID-19 spread within the high-density populations in jails and prisons.
- Louisiana Governor Edwards says his state has the fastest growth rate of new coronavirus cases in the world.One week ago, Louisiana had 100 confirmed cases. Seven days later, it has 800 confirmed cases.
- Infectious disease expert Dr. Emily Landon (University of Chicago Medical) told Illinois citizens today that “this is a very unforgiving virus.”She is advocating for the maximum social distancing methods available, with the goal of flattening the curve, and preventing huge numbers of cases and deaths. Dr. Landon says the last time the US and its hospitals were this unprepared for a pandemic was 1918 (Spanish Flu Pandemic).
- The World Health Organization’s (WHO’s) leading infectious disease expert is Dr. Bruce Aylward, who has led efforts to quell major disease outbreaks around the world. Dr. Aylward told Time Magazine the following:
- In China, with maximum mitigation efforts, the first wave has taken over 3 months to subside;
- Areas like Europe, North America, and the Middle East have months of this epidemic in front of them
- The pandemic is just beginning on the African and Indian continents
- By the end of September, most of the world will be coming out of the first wave, but…. Any country or region that gets overconfident or lax about testing, containment efforts, and mitigation (social distancing) will likely cause their own second wave, which could be more damaging than the first
- Members of the US congress who have tested positive for COVID-19 include:
- Senator Rand Paul
- Rep. Mario Diaz-Balart
- Rep. Ben McAdams
Sources: Johns Hopkins Health; CDC; WHO; CNN; New York Times; Washington Post; CBS News
Friday, March 20, 2020 @ 2:00 PM CDT
As of March 20, 2020 the COVID-19 pandemic situational update includes:
- Worldwide – 258,000 cases with 11,268 deaths
United States – 16,638 cases with 217 deaths
Texas – 194 cases with 5 deaths
- The country having the greatest incidence of disease (outside of Asia) from SARS-CoV-2 (the virus that causes the disease known as COVID-19) is Italy. Italy has experienced 47,000 cases with 4,000 deaths, all in only one month (an apparent 8% case fatality rate).Its healthcare system has been overrun.
- The US State Department has raised its worldwide travel advisory to Level 4, meaning that it is not advised for American citizens to travel anywhere outside the US.
- President Trump closed the borders with Canada and Mexico, with exemptions for US citizens and legal residents to return if desired.
- Texas Governor Abbott has closed down schools until April 3, and has closed down restaurants and bars (except for drive-through and delivery).
- On March 18, President Trump invoked the powers of the Defense Production Act, allowing him to order certain manufacturing companies to begin producing products needed to respond to the pandemic (product such as ventilators and PPE)
- California’s governor ordered most Californians to shelter in place.New York’s governor ordered all non-essential workers to stay home from work.
- Dr. Anthony Fauci stated that Americans should stay at home for the next several weeks
- As the US shuts down, the Labor Department reported a 30% spike in new claims for unemployment.
- The White House and Congress are working out details of a $1 trillion stimulus package. American citizens could be receiving assistance checks in April for approximately $1,200.
- The President has extended the income tax filing deadline to July 15.
- Shannon Medical Center in San Angelo has constructed a drive-through coronavirus testing facility. They plan to open on Monday, March 23.Citizens will need an order from their physician in order to be tested.
- John Peter Smith hospital in Fort Worth has erected and operationalized a coronavirus testing tent, attached to its Emergency Medicine entrance.
- Recent studies indicate that 2/3 of all deaths from COVID-19 were in men; In Italy, 70% of deaths are in men.
- Texas Health Commissioner Dr. John Hellerstedt on March 19 declared a public health disaster for Texas.
- Federal officials are studying the anti-malaria drugs chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine for possible use to treat COVID-19 patients.Chinese officials and some US doctors report some success with these two drugs.
- Physicians at Brigham and Women’s Hospital in Boston have begun a clinical trial of the antiviral drug Remdesivir.Patients with mild coronavirus symptoms, and patients with moderate levels of symptoms, will be enrolled in the study. In laboratory tests, Remdesivir has been effective in blocking replication of SARS-CoV-2.
Sources: CDC; Johns Hopkins Health; MSN News; San Angelo Standard Times; US News & World Report; Texas Tribune
March 7, 2020 @ Noon CST
From March 2, 2020 to March 7, 2020, the COVID-19 epidemic situational update includes:
- Globally, 102,472 cases with 3,491 deaths
South Korea – 7,041 cases with 44 deaths
Iran – 4,747 cases with 124 deaths
Italy – 4,636 cases with 197 deaths
- United States – disease has spread to 28 states, with 340 cases and 17 deaths.
- The Grand Princess cruise ship, with 2,422 guests and 1,111 crew members is circling off San Francisco’s shore, awaiting instructions from CDC and state of California. Of the first 45 persons on the ship (symptomatic individuals) tested, 21 are positive for COVID-19.Nineteen are crew members, and two are guests. The CDC and California officials are crafting a plan to assist with disease detection and control for persons on this vessel. The guests may be allowed to disembark and be cared for at a military installation.
- On March 6, the World Health Organization (WHO) raised the risk assessment for COVID-19 to “Very High” worldwide.
- The Pope announced that he is cancelling large gatherings and public worship services at the Vatican until further notice.
- On March 6, Vice President Mike Pence and the CDC informed all Americans age 60 and over, and all Americans with chronic disease like heart disease, diabetes, lung disease, kidney disease, etc. to consider staying home, and avoiding crowds, airline flights, etc.CDC announced that persons over 60 were twice as likely to develop severe illness if infected with coronavirus.
- Florida reported its first deaths (2), involving citizens who had recently traveled to countries affected by coronavirus.
- The City of Austin, Texas cancelled South By Southwest (SXSW), which had been scheduled to begin on March 8. This event normally draws over 400,000 guests and brings in over $365 million in tourist revenue.
- The National Basketball Association (NBA) has notified its teams to make preparations to play in empty stadiums.
- The state of Washington has the most cases among US states, with 80 cases and 14 deaths. Many of the deaths are associated with the Life Care nursing home in Kirkland, WA
- Almost 3,000 New York City residents are undergoing 14-day quarantine at home, due to possible exposure to confirmed cases.
- The University of Washington has cancelled all in-person classes until at least March 20.
- After several critical weeks with insufficient quantities of coronavirus test kits available in public health laboratories across the US, Vice President Pence announced on March 6 that 75,000 test kits had been shipped to state health laboratories.He also stated that, by the end of the week (around March 13), as many as 1.2 million kits should have been shipped.
Sources: CDC, WHO, Johns Hopkins Health, CNN, New York Times
March 2, 2020 @ 7:00 am CST
From February 28, 2020 to March 2, 2020 the COVID-19 epidemic situational update includes:
- Globally there have been 89,197 cases with 3,048 deaths
- Countries outside of China with the most cases are:
- South Korea with 4,385 cases and 26 deaths
- Italy with 1,694 cases and 34 deaths
- Iran with 978 cases and 54 deaths
- In the United States, there are 88 total cases. The first death in the US was reported on March 1, and a second death in the same area of Washington state has been reported. The first death involved a man in his 50’s with underlying disease. The second involved a patient from a nursing home, in his 70’s, with underlying disease.
- New cases of coronaviruses reported during the weekend of February 29/March 1 include the states of Washington, California, Illinois, Rhode Island, New York, Florida, and Oregon.
- Two new coronavirus cases in California involved health care workers who treated a COVID-19 patient in the San Francisco area.
- A scientist in Washington state who has analyzed the genetic material from the first COVID-19 patient in the US, and compared it to genetic material from coronavirus isolated from a recent patient in the Seattle area has stated that COVID-19 may have been spreading in Seattle/King County for as many as six weeks, undetected until now. This scientist believes many dozen Washington residents may be infected.
- A 36-nation organization known as the Organization for Economic Development and Cooperation reported on March 1, that the global economy will not grow by the previously-projected 3 percent for 2020, but because of coronavirus will only grow by 1.5 percent.
- Italian health officials report that many hospitals in northern Italy near the epicenter of Italy’s COVID-19 outbreak are in severe crisis and near their breaking points.
- US Health and Human Services Secretary Alex Azar reported on March 1, that CDC has now shipped enough coronavirus test kits across the nation to allow for about 75,000 tests. He believes that number will double by March 6.
- The WHO has analyzed disease data from about 44,000 Chinese patients who have had COVID-19, and reports the following trends in the data:
- 80 percent of the patients had mild illness and did not require hospitalization;
- 14 percent of the patients had severe illness, and were hospitalized;
- Another 5 percent of the patients had critical illness. Of the most critically ill, most were over 60 years of age and had co-morbidities (had underlying illness like heart disease, diabetes, lung disease, etc.)
- A US citizen who had been in quarantine at Lackland Air Force base in San Antonio, had finished the quarantine period, and twice tested negative for COVID-19 was released. She (the formerly-quarantined citizen) was released and was staying in a San Antonio hotel. A third test of COVID-19 showed a “weak positive”, and she was returned to quarantine. San Antonio and CDC health officials are performing contact tracing of any persons she may have exposed at the hotel.
Sources: CDC, WHO, Johns Hopkins Health, New York Times, Washington Post, CNBC
February 28, 2020 @ 11:00 AM CST
From February 26, 2020 to February 28, 2020, the COVID-19 epidemic situational update includes:
- Case count globally is 83,774. Death count is 2,867
- Outside of mainland China, the nations with the most cases are:
- South Korea – 2,337 cases and 13 deaths
- Italy – 655 cases and 17 deaths
- Iran – 388 cases and 34 deaths
- Japan – 228 cases and 4 deaths
- In the United States, the current situation is:
- 42 cases among Diamond Princess repatriates
- 3 cases among Wuhan repatriates
- 14 cases as “other”
- The most significant development in the US is the discovery of potentially America’s first case of community-acquired COVID-19. A woman who lives in Solano County, California has been treated by two separate hospitals for a severe respiratory illness and is on a ventilator in serious condition at UC Davis Medical Center. After receiving special permission to send a specimen to CDC, health officials now know she has COVID-19. This patient has no known contact with any COVID-19 patients, and has not traveled. Contact tracing for all health care workers, and all community members with whom she has had contact is being conducted by California state health officials.
- On February 28, 2020, the following countries reported their first cases of novel coronavirus: Brazil, Denmark, Estonia, Georgia, Greece, Norway, Pakistan, Romania, and North Macedonia
- WHO’s chief on February 28 told reporters that the “risk of spread and impact of COVID-19 is now very high at a global level.”
- China reports that only 329 new cases of COVID-19 have been found as of February 28, the lowest number of new cases in over one month.
- The state of California is monitoring the health status of 8,400 California residents who have returned from trips to areas affected by COVID-19. These citizens are quarantined in their homes.
- HHS Secretary Alex Azar reports that, by February 29, 93 public health laboratories across the US will have received new shipments of test kits for coronavirus.
- The current theory of the original source of COVID-19 coronavirus is that it spread from horseshoe bats in China to an intermediate mammal host (possibly pangolins-aka scaly anteaters), then spread to a person. This theory remains unproven; however, the genetic sequences in COVID-19 virus are reported to be a 99% match to viruses obtained from horseshoe bats in China
- The US Navy has ordered all ships in its Pacific Fleet that have docked in a defined list of Asian countries to undergo a 14-day quarantine at sea before docking in any port. The Navy reports that they do not have any suspected cases of coronaviruses among sailors in the Pacific Fleet at this time.
- United Airlines announced that it is slashing the number of flights to several Asian countries, and that it is continuing its total cessation of flights to Beijing, Shanghai, and Hong Kong through at least April 30.
- The US stock market (Dow Jones average) has lost more than 4,000 points (over 11%) of value in the last week. This puts the market in official “correction” status, with the dramatic drop being attributed to worldwide fears about coronavirus.
- Northern Ireland and Wales have reported their first cases of COVID-19, as has Nigeria. Switzerland has banned all gatherings of 1,000 people or more.
- A whistleblower in the US has stated that he/she and other federal workers were forced to work directly with quarantined American repatriates without training, and without safety equipment.
- Conventions and seminars scheduled for cities in California are beginning to be cancelled. Microsoft and Facebook have both cancelled conventions scheduled for March in California .
- Hong Kong health officials have tested a dog owned by a Hong Kong citizen. The citizen is being treated for COVID-19. The dog has shown a “weakly positive” test for COVID-19 but is not showing illness symptoms. Hong Kong officials say that, in the future, any Hong Kong citizen diagnosed with coronavirus will have his/her pets placed into 14-day quarantine.
Sources: Johns Hopkins Health, CDC, WHO, CNN, NBC News, New York Times
February 26, 2020 @ 9:00 am CST
From February 24, 2020 to February 26, 2020, the 2019-nCoV epidemic situational update includes:
- Global case count is 81,191; death count is 2,768
- Outside of Asia, Italy has the highest number of cases, with 322 cases.
- Five new countries have reported their first case or cases of COVID-19: Afghanistan, Bahrain, Iraq, Oman, and Brazil (first case of COVID-19 on South American continent).
- In the United States, the case count is: Wuhan-associated-3; Diamond Princess repatriates-36; Other-14.
- On February 24 and 25, stock markets around the globe experienced major drops due to coronavirus fears. The US stock market lost 7 percent of value, amounting to $1.7 trillion dollars’ worth of lost value.
- Iran’s Deputy Health Minister, Iraj Harirchi, has tested positive for COVID-19. Iran reports 139 confirmed cases and 19 deaths. Iranian police have arrested 24 citizens for spreading false rumors about coronavirus on social media.
- China’s tech companies have begun testing the use of drones and autonomous vehicles to safely deliver supplies to persons in isolation or quarantine, or in cities under lockdown
- In South Korea, the first US serviceman has tested positive for COVID-19, and is in isolation receiving treatment.
- On February 25, CDC officials told reporters of the potential of widespread illnesses in the US, with possible disruption to everyday life being severe. One official was quoted as saying “this could be bad.”
- The White House has sent a request to Congress, requesting a budget amendment providing $2.5 billion for preparations for a COVID-19 pandemic in the US. Several US senators are suggesting the need could be far greater than $2.5 billion.
- A spokesman with the Association for Public Health Laboratories in the US has publicly stated that the vast majority of public health laboratories in the US is completely unprepared for testing for novel coronavirus. He states that the initial batch of test kits sent by CDC had a flawed reagent, and that new kits have not been shipped. Only 12 public health laboratories in the US are currently capable of performing coronavirus tests.
- Moderna Pharmaceuticals in Cambridge, MA, has shipped several vials of an experimental coronavirus vaccine to the National Institute for Allergies and Infectious Disease for early stage testing.
- The largest facemask manufacturer in the US is Prestige Ameritech in Texas. The company says their orders are up 1000 times, and they are at their maximum limit of production.
- Apple’s I-phone manufacturer in Zhengzhou, China is trying to get up and running.They are offering all workers who show up a bonus equal to $1000 US dollars.
- Gilead Sciences is conducting clinical trials for its antiviral drug remdesivir in China, and at the University of Nebraska Medical Center (with US citizens infected with COVID-19 who have returned from the Diamond Princess and other locations).
Sources: CDC, WHO, Johns Hopkins Health, Reuters, AP, AFP, New York Times, Wall Street Journal, NBC News, CNN, Washington Post, Business Insider
February 24, 2020 @ 7:00 AM CST
From February 21, 2020 to February 24, 2020, the COVID-2019 epidemic situational update includes:
- Case count globally is 79,524, with 2,626 deaths
- “Hotspots” outside of mainland China include South Korea (833 cases), Italy (215 cases), Japan (154 cases), and Iran (61 cases).
- In the United States, the case count among “repatriates” stands at 21 (18 from Diamond Princess and 3 from Wuhan), and the case count for “other” US citizens who have had COVID-19 stands at 14.
- On February 22, South Korea raised its disease alert to its highest level.
- WHO reports that the Case Fatality Rate (CFR) for this virus appears to be around 2 percent. WHO also reports that this illness in China appears to cause mild disease in about 80 percent of patients, and severe or critical disease in about 20 percent.
- If the CFR for COVID-19 is 2 percent, that would make this coronavirus 20-times more deadly than seasonal influenza, which has a CFR of 0.1 percent.
- As of February 24, CDC’s official position (on its website) is that COVID-19 (aka SARS-CoV-2) will likely cause a pandemic.
- Not in My Backyard (NIMBY) Communities are beginning to push back on state and federal government plans to set up COVID-19 treatment centers. The City of Costa Mesa, California has sued the state of California for trying to set up a coronavirus treatment facility in a vacant residential treatment center. Also, local government officials in Alabama are angry at FEMA for FEMA’s decision to set up a coronavirus treatment hospital at a former military base near Aniston, Alabama.
- For the first time in decades, China’s leaders have postponed their annual parliament session, scheduled for March in Beijing, due to coronavirus concerns. President Xi Jinping stated that the COVID-19 epidemic is the most serious public health crisis to impact China since the current government formed in 1949.
- The government of North Korea has detained and quarantined 380 foreigners, in an attempt to prevent the entry of coronavirus into North Korea. The government’s official response is that there are no cases of COVID-19 in their country.
- With over 150 cases of coronavirus in northern Italy, the country is instituting sweeping non-pharmaceutical NPI’s, including school closures, limits on transportation, and the closure of many public buildings.
Sources: CDC; WHO; ABC News; NBC News; Reuters; Johns Hopkins Health
February 19, 2020 @ 4 pm CST
From February 15, 2020 to February 19, 2020, the COVID-19 epidemic situational update includes:
- Globally, there have been 75,280 confirmed COVID-19 cases, with 2,014 deaths.
- The Diamond Princess cruise ship quarantined in Yokohama, Japan is in the process of releasing hundreds of passengers, who have completed their 14-day quarantine period.The US has transferred most of its citizens off this ship, back to military bases in the US.As many as 14 of the nearly 400 Americans returned from the Diamond Princess may be infected with COVID-19, and are being treated at US locations. A total of 624 passengers and crew on this ship has been infected with coronavirus.
- The MS Westerdam cruise ship, docked in Sihanoukville, Cambodia has now allowed its passengers to disembark. Canada, Australia, and the United Kingdom have sent charter flights to retrieve their citizens who had been on the Westerdam. One US citizen on this ship was allowed to leave, and later developed coronavirus infection. Cambodian and US officials are performing contact tracing on persons she may have exposed.
- The US State Department has now issued a second travel advisory for a country based on the presence of coronavirus. The first country the State Department advised against travel was mainland China, the second is Hong Kong.
- Twenty-seven infectious disease scientists from around the world have signed a joint-letter which debunks the several conspiracy theories which allege that COVID-19 coronavirus did not actually originate in a wildlife species in China, but was accidentally released from a virus research laboratory in Wuhan, China.These experts state emphatically that this new coronavirus has a mammalian origin, and like previous coronavirus outbreaks, may have originated in bats from Hubei Province.
- The country of Singapore now reports 84 cases, with confirmed person-to-person transmission.
- On February 18, China expelled three reporters from the Wall Street Journal for publishing articles that are critical of China’s response to COVID-19.
- Iran has reported its first two cases of COVID-19, in two elderly Iranian citizens.
- Adidas reports an 85% drop in shoe sales within China.
- The WHO has now shipped COVID-19 test kits to 56 countries.
- The United Arab Emirates now reports 9 cases of COVID-19.
Sources: CDC, WHO, CNN, USA Today, Microsoft News
February 13, 2020 @ 10 am CST
From February 11, 2020 to February 13, 2020, the COVID-19 epidemic situational update includes:
- On February 12, 2020 China added a second method for diagnosing (and therefore counting) new cases of coronavirus disease (referred to as a “clinical diagnosis”). They added a positive lung X-ray indicative of pneumonia plus a physician’s opinion, even in the absence of an RT-PCR confirmatory test, as a case.
- The change in the method of declaring a person to be a COVID-19 case added a “sudden surge” of 15,000 additional cases in Hubei Province, bringing the global case count to 59,823. The global death count as of 02/13 is 1,370.
- After being turned away from multiple countries for a place to dock, the MS Westerdam cruise ship was allowed to dock in Cambodia on February 12. No cases of COVID-19 have been reported among passengers or crew.
- Beijing has reported their COVID-19 case count as 342.
- US Federal Reserve Board Chairman Jerome Powell said on February 11 that this epidemic could hurt the global economy.
- Hong Kong health officials report the possibility of transmission of this coronavirus in a high-rise apartment building through improper plumbing fixtures.
- Shanghai on February 12 officially postponed its Formula One Chinese Grand Prix scheduled for April 19 due to fears of coronavirus spread. World Rugby moved its April competitions scheduled for Hong Kong and Singapore to October dates. The International Olympic Committee stated its Tokyo Games will still take place in July and August.
- The cruise ship Diamond Princess that is quarantined at a port in Yokohama, Japan now has 218 confirmed cases.
- Reuters reports a 14th confirmed case in the US. The patient is an evacuee from Wuhan who has been quarantined at the Miramar Air Station in San Diego, and is believed to have been infected in Wuhan. CDC indicates that there has been no known transmission of coronavirus among evacuees who are quarantined at US military installations.
- NBC News and CDC reported on February 13 that Texas has its first case of COVID-19. The case is one of the 91 evacuees from China being quarantined at Lackland AFB in San Antonio and is in isolation at a San Antonio hospital. CDC officials indicate that the public should be aware that before the February 20 “end of quarantine” for these 91 people, more could develop COVID-19 disease. Texas is now the 7th US state with one or more COVID-19 cases.
- Japan reported its first death from COVID-19 on February 12. Patient was an 80-year old female.
February 11, 2020 @ 11 am CST
From February 7, 2020 to February 11, 2020 at 11 am CST, the 2019-nCoV epidemic situational update includes:
- The case count is 43,143 with coronavirus deaths reported as 1,018.
- On 2/7 – Royal Caribbean cruise lines has banned from boarding any of its ships any person who has a passport from China, Hong Kong, or Macau.
- Reuters reports that the first US citizen has died of 2019-nCoV, in a hospital in Wuhan on February 8. The person was 60 years of age.
- The US has reported its 13th case. An evacuee from China, in quarantine at a military base in San Diego has tested positive and is being treated. Another seven evacuees at this location are hospitalized with respiratory disease symptoms and are being evaluated.
- The single day death toll in China set a record on Monday, February 10, with 100 deaths reported.
- The first group of evacuees from China that was quarantined at a military base in California has now been cleared to go home.
- Chinese researchers have announced they have found the species of mammal they believe is the intermediate host for this specific coronavirus. The researchers have tested animals called pangolins (scaly anteaters) that are often sold in food markets, and found a novel coronavirus with a 99% genomic match to the coronavirus isolated from Chinese patients.
- On February 11, a World Health Organization (WHO) team arrived in Wuhan to assist the Chinese with efforts to mitigate this outbreak.
- CNN reports that the cruise ship Diamond Princess remains quarantined in Yokohama, Japan. It has over 3,000 passengers and crew, including 428 Americans. Confirmed coronavirus cases have now reached 135, including 24 Americans.
- On February 10, the WHO proposed a new name for 2019-nCoV. WHO recommends using the name “COVID-19”, for coronavirus in 2019. WHO indicates that this name does not have negative connotations for any animals, or any geographic regions of the world.
Sources: WHO; CDC; CNN; New York Times; Johns Hopkins Health, Washington Post
February 6, 2020 @ 7:30 PM CST
From February 5, 2020 to the evening of February 6, 2020, the 2019-nCoV epidemic situational update includes:
- There are 31,317 confirmed cases worldwide, with 637 reported deaths.
- The nation outside of China with the most cases is Japan, with 45 cases.
- There remain 12 cases in the United States, involving six states.
- On February 5, 2020, the CDC shipped coronavirus test kits to 115 public health laboratories in the US. Each test kit is capable of testing 700 to 800 patient specimens, in about 4 hours per test.
- Belgium reported its first confirmed case of 2019-nCoV.
- The WHO just completed its “Strategic Preparedness and Response Plan and Resource Requirements.” This document is available on the WHO website.
- The WHO is sponsoring a global forum in Geneva on February 11 and 12. The purpose of the forum is to speed efforts to develop effective treatments and to develop a vaccine.
- Wuhan City just completed its second new hospital to treat residents for coronavirus. The hospital has 1,600 beds and 2,000 healthcare employees.
- Two US citizens on the cruise ship quarantined in Japan have tested positive for coronavirus. A total of 61 passengers and crew have now tested positive aboard this quarantined vessel.
- The Chinese physician who is credited with first informing the public of the presence of this coronavirus outbreak (Li Wenliang, age 33) is reported by the Wall Street Journal to have become infected with 2019-nCoV, and died on or about February 6.
February 5, 2020 @ 6:00 PM CST
From February 3, 2020, to February 5, 2020, the 2019-nCoV epidemic situational update includes:
- One newborn in Wuhan City, 30 hours after birth, tested positive for coronavirus.
- China’s Health Commission reports that 80% of deaths related to this virus are in patients 60 years of age or older.
- Two planes from Hubei Province in China have evacuated approximately 350 Americans. The planes landed in California, with half of the citizens quarantined at Travis Air Force Base, and the other half quarantined at Marine Corps Air Station in San Diego. These citizens have now begun their 14-day observation period.
- Two cruise ships are now in quarantine. One vessel is anchored off the coast of Japan with over 3600 people, and 10 of its passengers have been confirmed with 2019-nCoV. The other ship is docked in Hong Kong, with 1800 passengers and crew. Three of those persons are being tested for coronavirus.
- Globally, the case count has reached 20,630, with just under 500 reported deaths.
- The 12th case of this disease has been reported in the US, involving an adult who had known contact with cases in China. The individual became ill after returning home to Wisconsin and is under isolation at home.
- US states with one or more cases of 2019-nCoV include: Arizona, California, Illinois, Massachusetts, Washington, and Wisconsin.
As of February 2, 2020
- There are 11 cases in the United States, involving 5 states - Arizona, California, Illinois, Massachusetts, and Washington.
- There have been approximately 17,400 cases globally, with the majority in mainland China; however, 24 other countries have reported at least one case.
- There have been 361 deaths reported in China.
- The first death from novel coronavirus has been reported outside of China. A 44-year old man died in the Philippines after returning from a trip to Wuhan, China. His companion has been infected and is being monitored.
- The case fatality rate (i.e. the percentage of confirmed cases resulting in death) is estimated to be between 2 and 3 percent (compared to approximately 10 percent reported during the SARS epidemic in China in 2002-2003).
- On January 31, 2020 President Trump signed a proclamation regarding travel restrictions as follows:
- All foreign nationals who have visited China in the previous 14 days are prohibited from entering the US.
- US citizens returning from China must return through one of 11 designated US airports, and receive comprehensive medical screening. If symptomatic, these US citizens will be placed in isolation.
For background and the most up-to-date information, visit the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Coronavirus Disease 2019 website:
2019-nCoV Overview for EMS Agencies (National Highway Traffic Safety Administration)
Live Map of 2019-nCoV Cases (CDC and Johns Hopkins University)
Flatten the Curve (Flowing Data)
Information from CDC
2019 Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) is a virus (more specifically, a coronavirus) identified as the cause of an outbreak of respiratory illness first detected in Wuhan, China. Early on, many of the patients in the outbreak in Wuhan, China reportedly had some link to a large seafood and animal market, suggesting animal-to-person spread. However, a growing number of patients reportedly have not had exposure to animal markets, indicating person-to-person spread is occurring. At this time, it’s unclear how easily or sustainably this virus is spreading between people.
Latest Situation Summary Updates from CDC
The latest situation summary updates are available on CDC’s web site.
Information from CDC
Common human coronaviruses, including types 229E, NL63, OC43, and HKU1, usually cause mild to moderate upper-respiratory tract illnesses, like the common cold. Most people get infected with these viruses at some point in their lives. These illnesses usually only last for a short amount of time. Symptoms may include:
- Runny nose
- Sore throat
- A general feeling of being unwell
Human coronaviruses can sometimes cause lower-respiratory tract illnesses, such as pneumonia or bronchitis. This is more common in people with cardiopulmonary disease, people with weakened immune systems, infants, and older adults.
Other Human Coronaviruses
Two other human coronaviruses, MERS-CoV and SARS-CoV, have been known to frequently cause severe symptoms. MERS symptoms usually include fever, cough, and shortness of breath which often progress to pneumonia. About 3 or 4 out of every 10 patients reported with MERS have died. MERS cases continue to occur, primarily in the Arabian Peninsula. SARS symptoms often included fever, chills, and body aches which usually progressed to pneumonia. No human cases of SARS have been reported anywhere in the world since 2004.
Your healthcare provider may order laboratory tests on respiratory specimens and serum (part of your blood) to detect human coronaviruses. Laboratory testing is more likely to be used if you have severe disease or are suspected of having MERS. If you are experiencing symptoms, you should tell your healthcare provider about any recent travel or contact with animals. Most MERS-CoV infections have been reported from countries in the Arabian Peninsula. Therefore, reporting a travel history or contact with camels or camel products is very important when trying to diagnose MERS.
Additional CDC Resources
Information from CDC
Human coronaviruses most commonly spread from an infected person to others through
- The air by coughing and sneezing
- Close personal contact, such as touching or shaking hands
- Touching an object or surface with the virus on it, then touching your mouth, nose, or eyes before washing your hands
- Rarely, fecal contamination
In the United States, people usually get infected with common human coronaviruses in the fall and winter. However, you can get infected at any time of the year. Most people will get infected with one or more of the common human coronaviruses in their lifetime. Young children are most likely to get infected. However, people can have multiple infections in their lifetime.
Additional CDC Resources
SGR is pleased to have Bill Peterson, Former Regional DHS / FEMA Director, and John Teel, Former Local Health Department Director, reviewing and answering submitted questions* focused on Continuity of Operations Plan (COOP) concepts and potentially disruptive forces to provision of city/county services should novel coronavirus have a high incidence in US cities and communities.
Questions and answers will not be answered individually, but will be posted on SGR's Coronavirus FAQ page.
*Patient healthcare advice will not be provided. Please contact your physician or local health authority for patient healthcare and medical advice.