Information About the COVID-19 Pandemic

Print
Press Enter to show all options, press Tab go to next option

Get SGR's Pandemic Planning Recorded Webinar & Manual

Pandemic Planning: Premium Package

COVID-19 Premium Package store icon


Pandemic Planning: Manual Only
COVID-19 Manual store icon

23312 CDC hi res white bg rfs

 

Novel Coronavirus

COVID-19

 

 

As a part of its ongoing mission to provide local governments with critical and time-sensitive information to assist their communities, including all-hazards response plans, SGR is closely following the Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) outbreak that originated in the City of Wuhan, China in December 2019.

The pathogen responsible for this outbreak is a new (novel) coronavirus that is genetically similar to the viruses that caused the SARS outbreak in 2002/2003 in China and the MERS outbreak in the Middle East in 2014.   

SGR is providing up-to-date information and resources on our website about the Coronavirus. Many of our larger local government partners likely already have this data and tracking in place through their public health offices, and they should be the first point of contact. For our smaller local government partners without the resources to provide this information, SGR is serving as an information broker to fill the need for our partners to provide this information to their communities. 

SGR will be assisting its local government partners in emergency preparedness by:

  1. Providing COVID-19 situation reports and links to relevant information on its website.
  2. Offering, when completed, a revised version of SGR’s “2009 H1N1 Pandemic Influenza Planning Manual-with COOP (Continuity of Operations Plan) Component.”  The new pandemic planning manual will have revised COOP components that will address emerging and novel pathogens (inclusive of COVID-19) which are capable of causing a pandemic.
  3. Sharing best practices, policies, and other tools that local government organizations are using during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Coronavirus dashboard map

Timeline

  • On December 31, 2019, the Chinese government announced an outbreak of a pneumonia of unknown cause affecting several patients in Wuhan;
  • On January 3, 2020, Chinese officials reported 44 cases of this pneumonia illness;
  • By January 11, 2020, this infectious disease had spread to dozens of more people – Chinese officials informed the World Health Organization (WHO) that the common source may be a seafood market in Wuhan and that a new coronavirus had been identified in several of these patients; Coronaviruses are a family of viruses that cause disease in several species of animals and are one of several virus types which cause the common cold in people.
  • By January 20, 2020, this outbreak had spread to Thailand, Japan, and South Korea;
  • On January 30, 2020, WHO officially declared the COVID-19 outbreak to be a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC)
  • On January 31, 2020 the WHO and the United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) report just under 10,000 confirmed cases in 26 countries, with 213 deaths.  There have been six cases confirmed in the United States: two in Illinois, two in California, and one each in Arizona and Washington State. The first human-to-human transmission in the US involves the Chicago, IL cases.  One woman who returned from a trip to Wuhan developed the illness and has now infected her husband. 

News, Updates & Resources

In response to this ongoing public health emergency, Johns Hopkins University has developed an online dashboard (static snapshot shown below) to visualize and track the reported cases on a daily timescale.

 

May 11, 2020 @ 2:00 pm CDT

  1. From May 7, 2020 to May 11, 2020 the COVID-19 pandemic situational update includes:

    Globally:  4,136,056 cases with 283,478 deaths

    Worldwide, new case counts approximate 70,000 per day. This graph appears to show a plateauing of cases, though it is too early to make that call.

    Daily Cases 051120

     

  2. United States: 1,332,411 cases with 79,606 deaths

    US map counties 051120

    This map from Johns Hopkins shows counties and regions which are having the highest incidence (new cases per 100,000 population) in the US.  The dark purple locations have the highest incidence as of May 10.

    New cases

    The graph above shows daily new cases in the US (bars) and a running 5-day average (yellow line). This graph includes New York State, which is now experiencing a statewide decline in new cases.

     

  3. Texas: 38,869 cases with 1,088 deaths

    1,525 COVID-19 patients in hospitals

    Texans tested: 513,978 (1.7% of population)

    The blue line below is cumulative cases, and the bars represent numbers of daily new cases.

    Cases in Texas

    There is no apparent decrease in the rate of new cases in Texas. Sunday, May 10 marked three straight days of over 1,000 new daily cases in Texas.

     

  4. The University of Washington’s Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) continues to run weekly models to predict new cases and deaths in the US.Their most recent model increases the projected US death count by August 4 to 137,000, due primarily to increased movement by Americans after states reopen parts of their economies.
  5. Two members of the White House team have tested positive for coronavirus.One is a personal valet for President Trump.The other is the spokesperson for Vice-President Pence. As a result of these tests, three top members of the White House coronavirus task force are now in quarantine, including Dr. Fauci.
  6. Physicians and scientists across the US are reporting that SARS-CoV-2 attacks more than just the lungs. Significant numbers of hospitalized patients are showing infections of the heart, kidneys, nerve cells that create taste and smell, blood vessels (causing blood clots), eyes (pinkeye), and the GI tract (causing vomiting and diarrhea).
  7. Scientists and physicians in South Korea and in Wuhan, China are reporting small, new outbreaks of COVID-19 as their economies begin to reopen after extended lockdowns. Each nation stresses the importance of continuing to practice social distancing, and the importance of rapid testing and contact tracing.
  8. The University of Washington’s IHME predicts that there are five states that will soon show the highest rates of new cases and of new deaths from coronavirus.The states are:
    1. Pennsylvania
    2. Illinois
    3. Arizona
    4. Florida
    5. California
  9. A clinical trial in Hong Kong has studied the effectiveness of using either a two drug or a three drug cocktail of antivirals to treat those patients with either mild or moderate severities of COVID-19.The test has shown that those patients receiving a 3-drug regimen of antiviral drugs had shorter times to improvement, and shorter hospital stays.The drugs are: lopinavir; ritonavir; and interferon beta-1b.

Sources:  Johns Hopkins Health; CDC; WHO; New York Times, Texas Department of State Health Services, CNN, Newsweek; Washington Post

Information from CDC

2019 Novel Coronavirus (COVID-19) is a virus (more specifically, a coronavirus) identified as the cause of an outbreak of respiratory illness first detected in Wuhan, China. Early on, many of the patients in the outbreak in Wuhan, China reportedly had some link to a large seafood and animal market, suggesting animal-to-person spread. However, a growing number of patients reportedly have not had exposure to animal markets, indicating person-to-person spread is occurring. At this time, it’s unclear how easily or sustainably this virus is spreading between people. 

Latest Situation Summary Updates from CDC

The latest situation summary updates are available on CDC’s web site.

Questions?

SGR is pleased to have Bill Peterson, Former Regional DHS / FEMA Director, and John Teel, Former Local Health Department Director, reviewing and answering submitted questions* focused on Continuity of Operations Plan (COOP) concepts and potentially disruptive forces to provision of city/county services should novel coronavirus have a high incidence in US cities and communities.

Questions and answers will not be answered individually, but will be posted on SGR's Coronavirus FAQ page. 

*Patient healthcare advice will not be provided. Please contact your physician or local health authority for patient healthcare and medical advice. 

Submit a Question